Leiden University


Available Courses

The Low Countries have made a rich contribution to art history with well-known artists and movements. The lectures of this thematic course on Dutch painting offer an overview of the visual arts from the 15th century to the present covering the characteristics of important moments in art history placing it in the context of Netherlandish culture and history. It covers Flemish Primitives (such as Jan van Eyck and Rogier van der Weyden), important 16th-century painters (e.g. Hieronymus Bosch and Pieter Bruegel), and famous painters from the so-called ‘Dutch Golden Age’, esp. Rembrandt, Hals, Jacob van Ruisdael and Vermeer with an emphasis on developments in style, function and meaning of their paintings. Furthermore, the course discusses the many faces of modernism in the late 19th and the early 20th centuries focusing on Vincent van Gogh and Piet Mondrian.

When you choose to study in the Netherlands, this course will definitely be an enrichment of your Dutch experience. This series of lectures will give you a broad overview of Dutch history and contemporary society. Topics (among others): Dutch cities, history, geography, government and politics, economy, the people, the language, and art. To stimulate students to see more of the Netherlands than just Leiden and Amsterdam, an individual fieldtrip to a Dutch town is part of the course. This assignment will be done in groups of four students and concluded with a vlog (10-15 minutes). You will share your video with the other students of the course on the digital platform Pitch2Peer and review the vlogs of others. This way you have the chance to discover a large part of the country in just a few weeks.

This course aims to give students a concise knowledge of the modern histories of South and Southeast Asia from the nineteenth to the mid-twentieth century, and to make them familiar with current debates on key issues with relation to those histories. These include for South and Southeast Asia: the character and institutions of the colonial state, the colonial economy, colonial instruments of knowledge, the late-colonial economic structure, the emergence of nationalism, decolonization, including the partition of the British Raj.political change, economic development, national security, human rights and response to globalization as rsutls of their respective choices of national survival, political development and economic prosperity.”

International Studies offers a new academic approach to understand the world’s complexities and challenges of today. This approach is multidisciplinary, humanities-based, local as well as global oriented, and takes the present as its starting point. We will see that the world has changed dramatically from less than a century ago: new ideals are pursued (equality, autonomy, human rights), there are new developments in world population (increase in demographics, health, education, prosperity), governments are facing new demands from their population (democracy, transparency), we hold new views of ourselves (gender, equality), and there is an unprecedented strain on earth’s resources (food production, oil and gas, water, essential minerals). The various approaches of International Studies will provide us with the means to come to a more comprehensive understanding of these large global issues.

Natural computing is a quickly developing field dealing with models and computational paradigms inspired by nature and attempts to understand the world around us in terms of information processing. Natural computing today includes paradigms such as modelling information processing through artificial neural networks, modelling emergent behaviour resulting from the interaction of a large collection of agents in particle swarms (representing e.g., birds, insects) or spatial arrangements of cells (cellular automata), or modelling efficient search and optimization procedures such as ant colonies (finding shortest paths in a network of possibilities), simulated annealing processes (finding the optimal energy state of a crystal), and evolutionary processes (adapting a population to find the best mix of genetic material under changing environmental conditions). The course introduces the foundations of a variety of such computational paradigms, and discusses algorithmic implementations on computers as well as the analogies between these implementations and the natural model. In addition, we also present some practical application examples of such computational paradigms, such as pattern recognition, engineering optimization, simulations of fire breakouts, to name a few.

International politics is increasingly being shaped by international organizations. What role do these organizations play exactly? Are they only the servants of powerful states or do they also have influence autonomous of their member states? How are global power relations reflected in international organizations? How do international organizations work and how do they differ? In this course the role and functioning of international organizations in international politics are analyzed. While the focus will be on large and well-known organizations such as the United Nations (UN), lesser-known organizations (including regional organizations outside of Europe) will also being studied.

This course introduces students to basic economic concepts, issues and debates relevant to the study of political science. It will simultaneously introduce students to the basics of economics and demonstrate, with examples, the political importance of economic principles. It will explore the various ways economics helps us understand politics and how politics helps us understand how the economy works. The course will examine economic growth, inequality, trade, monetary policy, finance, business cycles, the economics of the environment, and the causes of the great recession and euro-zone debt crisis.

This course builds on the fundamental knowledge provided in the course Inleiding Internationaal Publiekrecht (BA 1). In that course the emphasis was on becoming familiar with the basic characteristics of the international legal order and the law relating to international obligations and dispute settlement. In this course we will discuss certain specific fields of public international law, such as human rights law, the law on the use of force, international humanitarian law, international criminal law, international economic law, international environmental law, and law of the sea.

At the end of the course, students shall be able to:
– Understand and explain the social significance of food
– Understand the cultural meaning of food in various cultural contexts
– Critically examine the notion of East Asia and heritage in culture
– Interpret the role of food in recent cultural phenomena in Korea
– Explain the multitude of symbolic meanings generated in food practices

Law, governance, and Africa; all three are general concepts that hide a world of diversity. In this course we explore the complex relationships and interactions between law, governance and society in Africa, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa. What influence does colonial domination have at law systems that are in place in present Africa? And what does a decolonial approach to African studies entail? How do different legal systems (traditional, religious, international, state) interact? How is access to land regulated according to the law? And how do people get access to land in practice? How do state courts deal with spiritual accusations about witchcraft if no material evidence is available? Why do people resort to justice “with their own hands” under certain circumstances? Which mechanisms do societies use to restore order and bring reconciliation to war-torn communities? Who rules in failing states? In this course we look at legal phenomena in their social context in today’s Africa, while taking into account historical pathways that have led to the current situation. We take a broad definition of law and governance that includes both formal and informal rules, practices, and authorities. We explore interactions between these different sources of ordering in society, how they function in practice, and the impact they have on everyday life in an Africa context. This will enable students not only to get a better understanding of law and governance in its context, but also about functioning of African societies, and ways in which people organise their lives. discussions.

Countries nowadays are part of the global economy. Before products reach their final destinations, they have traveled the world as businesses increasingly cut up production processes over many countries; also massive flows of finance are crisscrossing the world. These developments challenge the possibilities with which countries and international economic organisations can exercise an independent economic policy. In this course, we will discuss the different roots and the benefits of international trade as well as their costs; further, we will discuss the benefits and costs of a free flow of finance, in particular we will include risks of financial crises. At the end of this course students will have an understanding of the basic principles of trade and finance and of the motivation of business to engage in international activities. Students will be able to present economic arguments on these international economic issues.

Introduction to Psychology offers a representative and coherent overview of the discipline of psychology. The course constitutes a first acquaintance with the main currents and themes within psychology, including neural, evolutionary, cognitive, social and developmental perspectives on human behavior. It also introduces students to the different psychological sub-disciplines emphasizing their common elements.

This course looks at culture, health, disease and health care from a psychological perspective and at cultural aspects of core psychological concepts and models. At the end, students are expected to be able to identify cultural aspects of personality, psychopathology, stress, pain and illness, distinguish cultural influences on health beliefs, lifestyles and health, understand communication between health care professionals and migrant patients and the use of healthcare facilities, and also develop awareness of the impact of culture on social and professional settings

Public administration is concerned with policy making, public management and the political administrative relations. In this introductory course we will discuss the basic issues and concepts of public administration, such as: The characteristics of public organisations; The policy cycle and the factors that influence the effectiveness and transparency of public policy programmes; The leadership styles of public administrators and the legal, political, social and administrative context of public organisations; The most important management doctrines: Human Resources Management, New Public Management, Public Network Management; The accountability of public administrators and the possibility of administrative ethics; The institutional characteristics of public administration in the Netherlands and the EU.

This course focuses on introducing students to the varieties, vulnerabilities, and virtues of international regulatory governance. To better understand international-level regulation, we will pay close attention to the following questions: who are the regulators at the international level? What is being regulated? How is international regulation carried out? More specifically, the course will focus on the questions of how international regulation is designed, what role professionals and regulatory bodies play in shaping it and how states cope with it, how EU and other international regimes generate rules across various policy areas at European and global levels. The course will address the most current issues concerning the politics of regulation: risk regulation across various regulatory domains, artificial intelligence-based regulation and its challenges.

From climate change to epidemics to migration, many of the most pressing political problems of our time are transnational in character. Yet, political structures are still predominantly national, making it difficult to address cross-border issues in an adequate way. International organisations play an important role in filling this gap. This course introduces students to the wide range of organisations engaged in international governance, from global forums like the United Nations (UN) and regional organisations like the European Union (EU) to economic institutions such as the Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) and non-state actors like Amnesty International and Apple Inc. In the course, we survey the different types of international cooperation and discuss how international organisations vary in their power and capacity to address transnational policy issues. The course approaches these issues from a public administration perspective: International organisations are analysed not only as players on the international arena, but also as bureaucratic organisations in their own right. The course applies familiar issues and concepts from public administration to the study of these international organisations, highlighting the similarities and differences between national and international bureaucracies.The lectures combine the discussion of central issues in international administration with an application of these issues to real-world cases.

It is especially important in such times to understand how the EU works and how the interaction between member states and institutions produces policy outcomes that affect every single citizen of the Union. The course builds on the first year course “Openbaar Bestuur en Bestuurswetenschap” (Public Administration I) in which the European Union is introduced in the context of the internationalization of governance structures in the Netherlands. Exchange and minor students without any previous knowledge on the EU are advised to consult the additional reading list and inform themselves on the basics of the institutional set-up of the European Union. At the end of the course, students are able to describe the functions of the main EU institutions, the interactions between EU institutions in EU level decision making processes, new challenges and current issues of governance in the EU, new challenges and current issues with policy fields on which the EU is active, the union’s presence in the world and geographical expansion, describe and apply the most important theoretical approaches for explaining European integration. Students are able to hold a structured debate with their peers on current issues of European integration.

Recognizing entrepreneurial opportunities and having an innovative mindset are of utmost importance in our changing society and play, therefore, key roles in this course. The focus is on the individual entrepreneur who takes the risk to start and grow a firm. Who are these entrepreneurs, how do these entrepreneurs recognize entrepreneurial opportunities, and what are the most important aspects during the process of starting and running a company? This course also devotes attention to financing issues and aspects related to the exit side of entrepreneurship. This course is a challenging entry into business studies, entrepreneurship, and innovation. Students acquire relevant academic and practical insights and skills in the areas of entrepreneurship and innovation, and the domains closely connected to entrepreneurial decision making such as marketing, strategy, and finance. The course consists of lectures and interactive seminars (“werkgroepen”) in which real life business cases are discussed; also, students are expected to write and pitch a start-up plan. Guest speakers will be invited to share their practical insights.

Kompleks Kementerian Pendidikan, Kebudayaan, Riset, dan Teknologi. Gedung D Lantai 18, Jalan Jenderal Sudirman, Pintu Satu, Senayan, Jakarta, Indonesia 10270

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